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25 Title Insurance FAQs

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25 Title Insurance FAQs

Eye glasses lying on a paper with the words frequently asked questionsTitle insurance is an essential aspect of any real estate transaction, and it protects both the lender and the buyer against losses arising from title defects or ownership disputes. However, the concept of title insurance can be complex and confusing, particularly for first-time homebuyers. To help demystify this critical topic, we've compiled a list of 25 frequently asked questions (FAQs) about title insurance.

These questions cover everything from the basics of title insurance and why it's necessary to more detailed information on how it works, what it covers, and how to file a claim. We also address some common misconceptions about title insurance and guide on choosing a title insurance agent and understanding the different fees associated with title insurance.

By reading through these FAQs, prospective homebuyers and homeowners can better understand the importance of title insurance and feel more confident navigating the complexities of the real estate industry.

Frequently Asked Questions About Title Insurance

  1. Title insurance: What is it?
    Title insurance is a type of insurance policy that protects property owners and lenders from financial losses due to defects in the title or ownership of a property.

  2. Why is title insurance necessary?
    Lenders typically require title insurance to protect their investment in the property, and it can also protect you as the property owner from financial losses due to title defects.
  3. How Title Insurance Works: A Simple Explanation
    Title insurance provides coverage for losses due to defects in the title. The policy will typically pay for legal fees, settlement costs, and other expenses related to the title dispute.

  4. What is Title Insurance, and What Does It Cover?
    Title insurance covers a wide range of issues related to the title of a property, including undisclosed liens, ownership disputes, and issues with previous transfers or conveyances of the property.

  5. Title Insurance: How Much Does It Cost?
    The cost of title insurance can vary depending on the property's value and location, and it is typically a one-time cost paid at closing.

  6. Who pays for the title insurance policy?
    The buyer or borrower is typically responsible for paying for title insurance, which can vary depending on the purchase agreement terms. The title insurance premium varies from state to sate. In some states, the owner's policy is paid by the seller and the buyer pays the lender's policy. In other states, the buyer pays both policies.

  7. Title insurance: How long does it last?
    Title insurance policies typically last for as long as you own the property. In some states, the policy can be transferred to new owners if you sell the property. In other states, a new poicy is required.

  8. Does the Law require Title Insurance? 
    The law does not require title insurance, but lenders often require it as a condition of the mortgage.

  9. How Title Insurance Differs from Other Types of Insurance
    Title insurance is different from other types of insurance because it covers past events rather than future events. It also provides coverage for losses related to the ownership of the property rather than physical damage to the property.

  10. Do I Have a Choice of Title Insurance Companies?
    In most cases, you can choose your own title insurance company. However, some lenders may require you to use a specific company.

  11. What to Do If You Discover a Title Defect After Buying a Property
    If you discover a title defect after you buy the property, you should contact your title insurance company immediately. They will investigate the claim and work to resolve any issues related to the title.

  12. Can You Cancel Title Insurance?
    Title insurance policies cannot be canceled may be transferred to new the owners if you sell the property.

  13. What to Do If Your Title Insurance Company Goes Out of Business?
    If the title insurance company leaves the business, your policy may still be valid and enforceable. However, you should contact your state insurance department for more information.

  14. Do I have to Renew the Title Policy?
    No, you do not need to renew your title insurance policy, which remains in effect for as long as you own the property.

  15. Can I Still Get Title Insurance After I Buy a House?
    Yes, you can purchase title insurance after you buy the property. However, it is typically recommended that you purchase it at closing to ensure that you are fully protected.

  16. How is the title of the property searched?
    A title insurance company or a real estate attorney typically conducts title searches. They will review public records to ensure no liens, judgments, or other issues that could affect the property's title.

  17. What is a title report?
    A title report is a document that provides information about the title of a property. It will typically include details about the property's ownership history, any liens or encumbrances, and any other issues that could affect the title.

  18. What is a title commitment?
    A title commitment is a document that a title insurance company provides to a lender or buyer. It outlines the conditions under which the title insurance policy will be issued and may include requirements that must be met before the policy can be issued.

  19. What is a title defect?
    A title defect is an issue that affects property ownership, including undisclosed liens, errors in public records, and disputes over ownership or boundaries.

  20. What is a title search fee?
    A title search fee is a fee a title insurance company or real estate attorney charges for conducting a title search, and the buyer or borrower typically pays this fee.

  21. Can title insurance be transferred to a new owner?
    No, title insurance is not transferable to a new owner. Title insurance is a one-time purchase that protects your ownership over a property from past liens and new claims. That is why it can also only be purchased during the closing meeting of a home transfer from a title insurance company.

  22. Is title insurance the same as homeowner's insurance?
    No, title insurance is not the same as homeowner's insurance. Homeowner's insurance covers physical damage to the property, while title insurance covers issues related to property ownership.

  23. Title Insurance Claim Explanation
    A title insurance claim is a claim made against a title insurance policy due to a defect in the title of a property. The title insurance company will investigate the claim and may compensate the policyholder if the claim is valid.

  24. Who chooses the title insurance agent?
    You can choose your title insurance agent. However, some lenders may require you to use an agent the lender approves.

  25. What is a title insurance premium?
    A title insurance premium is the cost of the title insurance policy, and it is typically a one-time cost paid at closing based on the property's value.


In conclusion, title insurance is essential to any real estate transaction, providing crucial protection against title defects and ownership disputes. However, the intricacies of title insurance can be confusing and overwhelming for those unfamiliar with the process. We hope this list of 25 frequently asked questions about title insurance has provided a helpful resource for those looking to understand the ins and outs of this critical aspect of the home-buying process.

By becoming familiar with the basics of title insurance and understanding the common questions and misconceptions surrounding it, prospective homebuyers and homeowners can feel more confident in navigating the complexities of the real estate industry and protecting their investments. As always, we recommend consulting with a trusted real estate attorney or title insurance professional to address any specific concerns or questions about your situation.


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